~FREE PDF ♸ Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics Updated Edition with a New Preface ♍ PDF or E-pub free

~FREE PDF ⚆ Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics Updated Edition with a New Preface ♫ This Radical New Analysis Of International Politics Reveals The Crucial Role Of Women In Implementing Governmental Foreign Policies, Be It Soviet Glasnost, Britain S Dealings In The EEC, Or The NATO Alliance Cynthia Enloe Pulls Back The Curtain On The Familiar Scenes Governments Restricting Imported Goods, Bankers Negotiating Foreign Loans, Soldiers Serving Overseas And Shows That The Real Landscape Is Less Exclusively Male Bananas, Beaches And Bases Shows How Thousands Of Women Tailor Their Marriages To Fit The Demands Of State Secrecy How Foreign Policy Would Grind To A Halt Without Secretaries To Handle Money Transfers Or Arms Shipments And How Women Are Working In Hotels And Factories Around The World In Order To Service Their Governments DebtsEnloe Also Challenges Common Assumptions About What Constitutes International Politics She Explains, For Example, How Turning Tacos And Sushi Into Bland Fast Foods Affects Relations Between Affluent And Developing Countries, And Why A Multinational Banana Company Needs The Brothel Outside Its Gates And She Argues That Shopping At Benneton, Wearing Levis, Working As A Nanny Or Employing One Or Planning A Vacation Are All Examples Of Foreign Policy In Action Bananas, Beaches And Bases Does Not Ignore Our Curiosity About Arms Dealers, The President S Men Or Official Secrets But It Shows Why These Conventional Clues Are Not Sufficient For Understanding How The International Political System Works In Exposing Policymakers Reliance On False Notions Of Feminity And Masculinity, Enloe Dismantles A Seemingly Overwhelming World System, Exposing It To Be Much Fragile And Open To Change Than We Are Usually Led To Believe This one was an eye opener the first time I read it. A good introductory text for a novice observing the working of feminist analysis in international politics Though Enloe does an admirable job of breaking down ways in which we can analyze things in gendered terms, her opposition to patriarchy is covered in a rather shallow manner really only cis women Race politics and intersectionality, though mentioned, are not truly explored except in name or to furnish examples that cover the whole globe. taught me what great feminist scholarship can look like. I don t think I read this updated version Certainly check this out, especially you U.S citizens as the U.S has over 160 military bases around the world Do you want to know what happens around them How they negatively effect communities, women, and social communities even when there is no war or occupation Do you want to know how not calculating women s unpaid labor skews the economic picture painted by those financial and governmental institutions There is an awful lot of information in here worth checking out. Sexploitation vs just plain old exploitationI can t call myself a feminist That would be quite ridiculous But I have never been one to disparage the motivations of the movement in general Women have been suppressed and oppressed and still are, for the most part Their male oppressors still want to tell them what they can or cannot do with their bodies, hence with their very lives That s the bottom line I didn t really ever do any deep reading in the voluminous literature on feminism, women s rights, etc I didn t think that I was clever for having avoided it, I just didn t have time or I admit burning curiosity So, when I saw BANANAS, BEACHES and BASES on a bookstore shelf some years ago, I bought it, thinking that the subtitle, Making Feminist Sense of International Politics brought together two topics about which I could learn I finally read it, but must give it a very mixed review.The author picks some very interesting issues Tourism for one a global business that touches nearly every corner of the earth and has created as many problems as it has solved Mass, commercial tourism can be compared with plantation agriculture or clear cut logging in terms of the amount of damage it does to human lives and the environment Enloe brings this out very aptly Military bases, plantation agriculture for instance, of bananas , the need for cheap but fashionable, ready to wear clothes, and the high demand for domestic servants all fall under her discerning eye Nobody can argue with her general positions on these subjects or on lesser topics such as diplomatic wives and their ambiguous position in the foreign services of the world However and this is a big however I do disagree with her overall presentation Sentences like Yet nationalist movements have rarely taken women s experiences as the starting point for an understanding of how a people becomes colonized or how it throws off the shackles appalled me Why just women Haven t the men been exploited, albeit in different ways Is not the entire country affected Prostitution exploits women, we are reminded There is a vast number of male and child prostitutes too, just as exploited Domestic violence may assist base commanders, but this is very far from being what is centrally dangerous and exploitative about bases Such simplistic examples are legion in this book.I think the basic fault of BB B is to separate the fate of women from that of men or rather, from the fate of all victims of imperialism, oppression, and exploitation If Enloe s aim was merely to show how women have been severely oppressed in X numbers of ways, that would be fine But it is a reductionist argument to claim that women should be the focus for anti exploitative actions, that women are central to the solutions As women are half the human race, it is OBVIOUS that they cannot be excluded Men have controlled and do control women, but international politics cannot be interpreted as a system for controlling women It is a system of power and anything and everything will be controlled if it can be Feminism, as an attack on the way the world is presently constructed, is strong Gender, as an ideological mode or framework, is weak, just as race, class, religion or language would be Male female, light dark, yin yang these are eternal principles that cannot be ignored ANY solution which leaves out a part, is no solution If that were the only message Enloe put out, I would have no quarrel with her As it is, I do. The class in which I read this was the best class I ever took in my life, so far The class in general, but this book was part of it, really opened up my eyes to the gender of the international economy. Read this book in college too I was amazed at how much about the world I didn t know Cynthia Enloe s book is a masterpiece and one that any political scientist should read. I dare say this is a feminist classic both for its content and theoretical contributions The gist of the book is that we can t understand international politics with understanding gender dynamics that underlie and suffuse those politics There are so many things we assume to be normal or natural that are really products of decisions, cultural constructions, and ideologies Enloe encourages us to look closely at what men and women are doing in international politics and where the power lies between them She shows that many agreements between male led states or companies trade, basing, or tourism deals, for example are based on the assumption of available, compliant, and cheap female labor This labor is not inherently cheap it is made cheap by human decisions to devalue feminine work and women in general Great example When clothing companies subcontract with Bangladeshi textile factories to produce cheap clothing, this is a purely non gendered decision, right Wrong This type of deal can t work unless there are cheap, non unionized laborers Companies ideal versions of this type of worker are almost always female because women are generally less powerful than men and expected to work only as complements to important male work They gravitate towards female workers and make women s labor cheap by enforcing the powerlessness of certain women This assumption is unstated and usually unexamined by students of international politics, but the deal can t be understood without it Therefore, we can t understand international trade, outsourcing, and globalization without factoring in gender analysis.This book leans very heavily towards a pure social constructionist view, which makes the explanations of human behavior a little simplistic in some areas A balanced view of human beings natural differences would have added a lot to this book, although the argument still basically works without it Overall, I recommend this book for people who don t think that women matter much in international relations or feminists like myself who knew that in a vague sense already but needed to see how gender actually functions within international political issues in concrete ways This book will definitely make you of a feminist, especially on labor issues And that s good It s also one of those books that will piss you off in that good feminist way of being pissed off Why for example are teachers an historically feminine profession expected to do so much damn free work not just low pay for work outside of school hours, but volunteering at school for low or no compensation, going to kids games and performances, baking stuff, etc and lawyers and doctors make sure to bill for every second of service they provide If you can t figure that out by the end of this review, either I didn t write a good review or you didn t pay attention Hilary 2016 I m out. I wrote the review as part of a course assignment In the 2000 edition of Cynthia Enloe s book, Bananas, Beaches and Bases, she warns us of the danger of not taking women s experiences seriously in International Politics and underestimating the political nature of both femininity and masculinity xiv Enloe declares that she attempts to create a realistic description of and explanation for international politics through gendered lenses ibid If the recurring theme of the book can be summarized by one sentence, it would in my opinion be the personal is political international, and the political international is personal 195 201 By and large, I think Enloe has achieved this task in a thought provoking way, and convincingly to a certain extent Despite written over a decade ago, many of her points remain relevant and refreshing What follow in this paper will be a critical assessment of this book and an evaluation of its contribution to the field of feminist school of international theory To do this, I will first distill the main arguments of the book I will then offer some observations I have drawn and critical comments I will also look at secondary sources to complement depicting the book s status in and contribution to the feminist school of international theories I will end this review with a brief summary and an overall conclusion.Enloe criticizes traditional schools of international theories of putting power at the center of analysis, its conceptualizing of which failing to sufficiently take into account the internal complexity and variety of power at work In conventional international theories, women remain invisible Yet through a series of angles to challenge this notion, Enloe unveils that current power relations are very much gendered, and that the packages of masculinity and femininity are very much shaped by political resources and agendas and themselves create and sustain global inequalities as McClintock 1990 2 puts it, Enloe shows how mightily the day to day brokering of global power depends on constructions of gender Only by recognizing this can we have a coherent and realistic understanding of international politics Topics that Enloe covered in her discussion include international tourism, nationalism, diplomacy, military expansion, and international trade Perhaps we can trace some clues in the title of the book Banana refers to international agribusiness Here, governments and transnational plantation companies depend on and manipulate ideas of gender to achieve their profit seeking or political ends, for example, the use of images of Carmen Miranda as a subtle form to advance American regional influence while real women workers in Latin America remain marginalized by a potent combination of Good Neighbor diplomacy and agribusiness advertising Enloe, 2000 149 Beaches refer to international tourism, and it is in every bit about internationalized power Here, Enloe argues that without ideas about masculinity and femininity and the enforcement of both in the societies of departure and the societies of destination, it would be impossible to sustain the tourism industry and its political agenda ibid 41 Bases mean international military bases Enloe explores the roles played by wives of enlisted personnel, diplomats, and women who provide sexual services to the soldiers It turns out these relationships depend upon women acting in a certain way Different women s experiences with military bases reveal gendered bases political policy that maintain a sense of security by turning women into sexual or ideological rivals ibid 91.In the book, Enloe states that her agenda is not that we would abandon our curiosity about arms dealers, presidents men and concepts such as covert operations rather, we would no longer find them sufficient to understand how the international political system works 2000 11 In this sense, she provides a much needed complementary account of the international politics to say that the personal is political and international and vice versa implies perpetual permeation of power into all realms of our lives, women and men alike, but in dramatically different ways Our understanding of international politics will remain incomplete if we do not look at the world through women s perspectives, through deconstructing of the meaning of being a man and of being women and ask ourselves, how can things be different Enloe s solution to the question where are the women is that we should listen to woman carefully to those trying to break out of the strait jacket of conventional femininity and to those who find security and satisfaction in those very conventions and that we should make concepts such as wife, mother, sexy broad, central to our investigations 2000 11 Enloe calls for a dismantling of the wall the separates theory from practice ibid 201 by making women heard She says, we don t need to wait for a feminist Henry Kissinger before we can start articulating a fresh, realistic approach to international politics Every time a woman explains how her government its trying to control her fears, her hopes and her labors such theory is being made ibid While her rhetoric may make a strong emotional appeal, I cannot help but doubt how effective feminist discourse is in actually making any changes More than two decades after the original publish of the book, we look around and we do not see much difference.To continue the point made above, the style of narration of Enloe s book also feels different from traditional literature in International Theories, maybe feminist Her writing is emotional, intimate, creative, refreshing, and in an often bottom up way, she puts individual agency at the spotlight of her argument McClintock calls Enloe s style scintillating and lucid 1990 2 I am not sure to what extent is her style strengthened her argument and to what extent it undermined the validity of her points To a third person s eyes, Enloe s writing is susceptible to being called biased Similarly, I find Enloe s repeated bifurcation of women into First World and Third Women to be unconvincing and her discourse of global sisterhood to be political unviable I also find that her definition of masculinized to be at times arbitrary and what constitute a feminist alternative to be fuzzy For example, I cannot see how a demasculinized form of tourism would look like.Banana, Beaches and Bases is no doubtedly seen as an essential text, one among the first and most important, in the field of feminist international theories and has received praises For example, Runyan comments that, at a time when there is a need to explore the complex interplay of cultural, social, economic, and political forces in the face of the bankruptcy of modernist and masculinist ideologies, orders, and institutions as well as the enormity of global problems, this contemporary feminist reading of world politics makes eminent sense 1991 334 335 Parikh comments that Enloe s book has broadened the field of international relations beyond its exclusively masculine focus 1991 128 and is a major contribution to the IR discipline and Beckwith comments that Enloe s book provides us with a point of origin to make feminist sense of international politics 1991 292.In this paper I have briefly looked at the main argument and contents as delineated in Enloe s book Banana, Beaches, and Bases and offered some of my observation s as well as some secondary comments on her book In a recent interview, Enloe 2012 explains her notion that gender makes the world go round that the whole cluster of ideas about gender drives decision making it allows for certain kinds of structures to seem normal and therefore unchallengeable until a feminist comes along In this sense, her book is truly significant in that it challenges the traditional masculine dominated field of IR and opened new angels of investigations.