EPUB ♭ Drawdown ⚆ Famulantenaustausch.de

This is the first time I have felt positively about our ability to stop climate change The solutions presented in this book are feasible and clearly explained I found several things I could implement myself, like switching to LED light bulbs, and I am looking for ways to support some of their larger scale approaches. This has some great stuff in it but unfortunately the most comprehensive plan includes a lot of really stupid crap About half of the book is a pretty good summary of real solutions and the other half is basically a bunch of crazy techno fixes On the good side are things like ecosystem restoration with particular emphasis on the importance of maintaining healthy oceans, peatlands and mangroves , agroecology, managed grazing systems, silvopasture, indigenous land management, lower methane emitting approaches to rice cultivation and ruminant raising, replacing cotton with hemp, educating girls, empowering women, etc The crazy techno stuff includes not only the typical electric cars, high speed rail, green cities, wind turbines, tidal energy, nuclear plants how anyone can still support these I have no idea and automated smart grids but also things like roads paved with solar panels, giant machines that suck carbon out of the air, vacuum tube trains and the possibility of nuclear fusion plants To be fair there are caveats for a lot of these solutions but they really shouldn t even be considerations at this point I know global industrial civilization can be less destructive, that if we d used the most efficient technologies and developed perfect recycling, stopped using planned obsolescence and shared things that we rarely use instead of all having our own possessions that sit idle 99% of the time then we could have gotten away with this for a pretty long time Ignoring the fact that manufacturing these technologies at even a much reduced scale would still depend on horribly unethical behavior, it could technically be a lot better than it currently is We re already on such thin ice though If you re going 200 miles per hour towards a cliff that s only a few miles away then it doesn t make much difference if you reduce your speed to 50 miles per hour Even 1 mile per hour in the same direction won t give you much time Techno fixes rely on too much infrastructure to ever be truly sustainable Therefore better isn t necessarily good enough What we really need is to wean ourselves off all this high tech crap by losing our dependence on it The low tech solutions, like diversifying farmland with perennial crops and different species of grazing animals, can create human habitats where people are able to get everything they need from close by and without machines And we re never going to see that happen without adopting degrowth economics producing and consuming less crap without people being impoverished by job losses, etc This book doesn t just leave out a discussion on how inherently unsustainable our economic system is, it actually promotes certain solutions BECAUSE they contribute to economic growth I can agree with some of the bridge solutions and regrets solutions that are brought up Clearly during a transition stage between the status quo and something sustainable we ll still be required to do some less than ideal things like typing angry rants on internet sites But there s a difference between things like properly disposing of HFC s from existing refrigerators and air conditioners and continuing to promote the manufacture of new refrigerators and air conditioners refrigerant management is listed as the number 1 solution A real solution for that problem long term would be to use drying or root cellars for food storage and maybe PASSIVE cooling for houses Cooling boxes can even be made with clay pots and sand, where evaporating water significantly cools down the contents without any power at all Also capturing methane from landfills makes sense since it causes damage if allowed to float away into the atmosphere but without addressing the growth imperative of our economic system it just becomes one thing that people depend on for their livelihoods rather than something that can be intentionally phased out Ignoring economic growth is just totally unforgivable for a book like this Part of me wants to give it a better rating for the good half at least It s actually kind of surprising that with so much techno utopian logic it doesn t promote GMOs, vertical urban farms with hydroponics and LED grow lights, tech based geoengineering schemes, etc I expect most people who read this book to just get excited by the wrong things though Let s face it, science fiction tends to be a little sexier than farm animals Overall, the good just can t make up for the bad. EPUB ⚑ Drawdown ☣ New York Times Bestseller The Most Substantive Solutions To Reverse Global Warming, Based On Meticulous Research By Leading Scientists And Policymakers Around The World At This Point In Time, The Drawdown Book Is Exactly What Is Needed A Credible, Conservative Solution By Solution Narrative That We Can Do It Reading It Is An Effective Inoculation Against The Widespread Perception Of Doom That Humanity Cannot And Will Not Solve The Climate Crisis Reported By Effects Include Increased Determination And A Sense Of Grounded Hope Per Espen Stoknes, Author, What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming There S Been No Real Way For Ordinary People To Get An Understanding Of What They Can Do And What Impact It Can Have There Remains No Single, Comprehensive, Reliable Compendium Of Carbon Reduction Solutions Across Sectors At Least Until Now The Public Is Hungry For This Kind Of Practical Wisdom David Roberts, Vox This Is The Ideal Environmental Sciences Textbook Only It Is Too Interesting And Inspiring To Be Called A Textbook Peter Kareiva, Director Of The Institute Of The Environment And Sustainability, UCLAIn The Face Of Widespread Fear And Apathy, An International Coalition Of Researchers, Professionals, And Scientists Have Come Together To Offer A Set Of Realistic And Bold Solutions To Climate Change One Hundred Techniques And Practices Are Described Here Some Are Well Known Some You May Have Never Heard Of They Range From Clean Energy To Educating Girls In Lower Income Countries To Land Use Practices That Pull Carbon Out Of The Air The Solutions Exist, Are Economically Viable, And Communities Throughout The World Are Currently Enacting Them With Skill And Determination If Deployed Collectively On A Global Scale Over The Next Thirty Years, They Represent A Credible Path Forward, Not Just To Slow The Earth S Warming But To Reach Drawdown, That Point In Time When Greenhouse Gases In The Atmosphere Peak And Begin To Decline These Measures Promise Cascading Benefits To Human Health, Security, Prosperity, And Well Being Giving Us Every Reason To See This Planetary Crisis As An Opportunity To Create A Just And Livable World Large glossy catalog of eighty policy actions and technologies with the end goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing carbon sequestration Presented with short essays, and often only a few statistics cost, savings, reduction of emissions These are subject to wide estimates, depending on degree of use, not even including how one technology would affect the other e.g cleaner concrete production in buildings or dams, for example.Well suited for a broader audience, especially those who have the time or the interest in carrying out one or of these proposals. Movements are dreams with feet and hands, hearts and voices Paul Hawken It s no secret that we humans are destroying our world But this book isn t really about that Rather, it s about what we can do as individuals and collectively to build a better society and a better world Drawdown refers to the reduction of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere by reducing current emissions and sequestering the carbon already up there through proven land and ocean practices The solutions in this book are well researched, the estimates are conservative, and the pros and cons are presented together One thing that really impresses me with this book is its optimism It views climate change as an opportunity to reexamine ourselves and our relationship with the environment, and it shows that we can do much better Often, the socially just thing to do is also the most economical, and, as this book demonstrates with painstaking research and concrete numbers, many of the solutions to climate change are profitable than continuing with current practices For example, you wouldn t know it from following our current politics, but people in the U.S., as of 2016, are currently employed by the solar industry than gas, coal, and oil combined And there are so many things that all of us can do For me, this book was also an education on the scope of the problem itself For example, I had no idea that food production and food waste were such major contributors to the accumulation of greenhouse gases But they are, and this information is empowering, because it means that I and everyone can take action immediately As individuals, we can all reduce our food waste, eat a little less meat, ride public transit a little , stop using fertilizers on our lawns, install a smart thermostat, and reuse things just a little longer before tossing them in the trash And as a society, there is even Almost everything humans do consumes energy, materials, or some other resource from our environment and that means opportunity to improve Energy and transportation are important, but there are so many other sectors that can implement solutions Farmers can use sustainable practices, builders can design smarter buildings, scientists can create efficient materials, and on and on As some reviewers have noted, this book doesn t address how to implement these solutions in a political climate harshly opposed to change But I think that telling you who to vote for or how to get a bill through congress is beyond the scope This book gives us the most important tool of all for change information And, like so many of the solutions presented within, it is itself is a living thing All of the analyses are updated and expounded upon at www.drawdown.org, where you can also give your email address to get on their newsletter Paul Hawken s essay toward the end talks about building a movement, and I for one am on board. Drawdown focuses on not only responding to but also moving beyond climate change It offers a set of ranked plans Anyone who is inclined to give up in the face of climate change should read this book.A couple quick takeaways Reducing meat from one s diet 4 still seems to be a good idea My own experience has been that a meatless Monday is nearly impossible because upending my daily routine just once a week is very irritating Having said that, one meatless meal a day is doable and often leads to two It s not uncommon for people to dismiss all energy alternatives by dismissing one, but I kept thinking while reading this book that we should readily consider multifaceted approaches So instead of relying on just one of solar farms 8 , onshore wind 2 , etc., it s probably a good idea for many areas to rely on a variety of energy sources The 1 solution was, and I was surprised by this, refrigerant management Finally, I rarely encounter a dialogue on what to do with the carbon that we ve already released into the atmosphere, and this book explores solutions there as well.The book is clear and comprehensive, and it s easily organized as a reference guide that readers can return to I liked that it avoided war and combat metaphors I also liked that it was willing to consider regrettable solutions in addition to its no regrets solutions Finally, there s a website here To be very honest, I only skimmed this book There are interesting tidbits galore here But glancing over it, I said to myself, let s see what they have to say about carbon fee and dividend, or cap and trade, border adjustment, or whatever economic pricing schemes they may prefer as a means of actually getting people to DO something to reduce their carbon footprints It was not there Nowhere in this book do I find any mention of real world methods that would actually compel humans through the laws of supply and demand to change their way of life in a way that would prevent their grandchildren from living in a diminished world With all due respect, dear authors that is to say, zero respect we already know what the problem is and some of the potential solutions But people have been writing books with pretty pictures on this topic for 30 years and nothing has changed Here is yet another work that assumes all we need is to understand that climate change is a problem and that there are ways to make it smaller and we will instantly jump to it Nothing good has happened in those 30 years why Because climate change is not a science problem, it is an economic problem It requires good intentions to connect with economic methods to reward survival and penalize unsustainable ways of life in the same way that the smoking problem in the United States was largely solved through cigarette pricing if you are tempted to buy this book, save your money You cannot save the planet with just a carbon tax The math of climate change screams that at you Even if you were able to wipe out 27 trillion in fossil fuel assets, there s already too much carbon in the air We have created a peak carbon dioxide parts per million that humanity has never seen since we diverged from Chimps We have to as the title suggests drawdown the very carbon in the atmosphere.And yet, the possible solutions are all very politicized, at least in the United States District heating and insulation regulations Who cares if it decreases my heating bill, ain t no way the filthy liberal, commies are going to touch my air Reduced food waste Eating plants God gave me those animals to eat and throw away as I see fit ain t you read a Bibble There are ultimately two types of solutions 1 decreasing eliminating carbon output, or 2 pulling out carbon from the air Of the former, there are three subtypes 1.a become energy efficient, 1.b replace carbon based energy with a non carbon based energy and 1.c forgo a carbon luxury The solutions the book comes up with are, in general, wonderful Any reasonable person would look at them and think, Oh yeah, of course A three pronged approach by the government would easily force society to reorganize itself around these lines You start with 1 a carbon tax to punish energy inefficiency, force people to give up carbon luxuries and replace their carbon energy systems You then 2 create a trust or government organization that the government partially funds with the carbon tax and 3 a strong, robust regulatory authority that is able to measure, collect, and analyze the carbon production of companies and other countries.But the seeming reasonableness of these three over arching solutions ignores the point large sections of the population hate them on a moral level Regulatory agency Tax Government trust These are ideological non starters However, without them, there are no other solutions Silviopasture is the 9 solution The tl dr of it is put cows into forests But guess what That costs money, and that cost is going to be baked into each pound of beef that the silviopasture produces Then you have to figure into the fact that the entire world simply can t be turned into a cow forest People will have to eat less meat, which they ll do because why Each solution presented is ultimately the same there is no reason for mass adoption which is necessary for the solution to work unless there is an external force to incentivize adoption And, given that the market will only begin reacting to most of these forces when it is too late, there has to be an incentive force which we ve already found to be politically blocked off.Sure, some of the ideas are hazier and less market based educate women give birth control to the developing world That doesn t save them from the toxic cloud of ideology that hangs over this whole situation though.That s why Drawdown ultimately failed to be the great hope it was painted as It s not so much a comprehensive plan as it is an assembly of ideas that would get implemented by the market in reaction to an outside force punishing it Each idea is presented in a very simple way A 2 3 page description of the solution and its carbon savings, net dollar cost and net dollar savings but nothing about it necessarily scream, This solution will work and pan out except for the solutions that were agreed upon before 2016 This assembly of ideas does have hope It does have the nuggets of hope It says what we ve always known We can fix this It is possible But it doesn t give us any hope at all that it is probable. For those of you like me in despair about the state of the planet, here is a book that details dozens of things that we know can work to dial down carbon emissions and work toward reversing the current trend to destroy the environment The point is, we know many things about how to save the planet What we don t really know as of today 1 if it is not already too late, and 2 if there is the political will to combat the current capitalist political complex I was going to detail some of the great things both going on and ones also that are possible, near future, things in the works, but Kate does the long list here, thanks book is in large coffee table format, with too small print, but the project s essays are short and still pretty comprehensive, with lots of resources There are some crazy ideas that require too much tech infrastructure in the small window of time remaining, such as roads paved with solar panels, giant carbon sucking machines and nuclear fusion plants But idea generation for creative solutions are one thing we need, so I am not too critical of any of these As with other readers, I in particular like the focus on ecosystem restoration, educating girls, empowering women, but the central focus of the book is as it has to be on working together Period I guess I would say the thing that disappoints me is that it doesn t talk about economic political solutions, which is the biggest obstacle to our getting things done.The book includes a lot of resources, and charts to figure out what might happen with the optimum, the drawdown mama bear approach, and the minimal approach to all of these things.Here s a website for the project This book is a catalog of the hundred or so technologies that could potentially draw down the carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere The book was written by a couple hundred expert researchers in all walks of life Each technology is very well presented, in a manner that is easy to understand by a non expert The book is very attractive, flush with color photographs appropriate for each topic covered.Each technology is rated in terms of the amount of carbon that could potentially be removed from the atmosphere, the net cost of the technology, and the net savings When these numbers are too speculative for an educated guess, that is mentioned The technologies are all ranked in terms of their potential for sequestering carbon Also, since some of the technologies are inter related, there is an effort made to prevent double counting the impact.Some of the technologies are well known to most people, while others are novel I was most interested in some of the agricultural topics Most surprising to me was silopasture This entails allowing animals mostly cattle, but other domesticated animals, also to feed in meadows with trees Silvopastures yield livestock per acre than grass pastures, and sequesters five to ten times carbon than treeless pastures A related technology is the managed grazing of pastures by cattle This technique vastly improves conditions of the pastures, protects organic matter, and the soil becomes porous and better able to absorb intense rainfalls As a result, herbicides, pesticides, fuel and fertilizers can be reduced, as well as veterinary costs And yet another agricultural technique is known as agro forestry, which is becoming widespread It is positively transforming the Sahel Desert.I was astounded by the statistic that there are 18,500 miles of high speed rails in the world But, only 28 of these rail miles are in the United States On the one hand, high speed rails are very expensive, and on the other hand, they actually do not reduce carbon emissions very much The emphasis in most of the book, is that these are practical, economical technologies ready to be implemented There are net savings from most of these technologies sequestering carbon can be cost effective and help the atmosphere, at the same time At the end of the book, there are a handful of future technologies that have not yet reached the stage of practicality, each of which has a bright potential for the future.While I read the book end to end, it is actually of a reference book a very fascinating reference book After reading the introductory sections, each topic is self contained and can be read in isolation without losing the meaning.