#READ E-PUB ñ Batman and Philosophy: The Dark Knight of the Soul Þ eBook or E-pub free

Batman and Philosophy was fun, but I would recommend any reader to skip the fourth part, which has to do with issues of identity Some of my favorite syntheses that emerged in the readings were among Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and Martin Heidegger vis a vis Batman Here it is in summary form In some respects, Batman fits the Aristotelian model in that he increases his virtues through their exercise and rears Robin no innuendo intended by example Aristotle advised that if one wanted to be virtuous, one had to practice being virtuous That is, one learns to be virtuous by doing, just as a cobbler learns to be a better shoemaker by making shoes Of course, being virtuous or doing the right thing involves, for Batman, adhering to certain basic moral principles Batman, then, in this respect is a deontologist a la Kant That is, he thinks the most important issue regarding being moral involves choosing to act in accordance with a moral law one would give herself one ought not kill, for example, one ought to save innocent people if one can, and so on Batman also represents some aspects of a Heideggerian philosophy Batman lives an authentic existence because he does not conform to what most normal people do but instead lives a life according to the projects he thinks are important, projects that namely involve Batman saving other innocent lives These are just some of the pieces one can glean from the book Again, the book is fun. In a word, lazy.The editor, Mark D White, allowed the contributors to cover much of the same ground Perhaps if they knew what the others were writing it could have a little originality Some contributors seem to know almost nothing about Batman, preferring to talk philosophy then adding just like Batman at the end Rather than a book of the philosophy of the Batman myth, this book largely covers basic philosophical concepts then painfully tries to apply it to whatever the contributor knows about the myth.The first few chapters were interesting but the middle and later chapters are muddled nonsense I advise reading chapters 1 5, 8, 14, and 20 I almost put the book down when one chapter took 4 pages to explain Bruce Wayne Batman isn t a real person If that is all the wisdom your Philosophy Doctorate has given you, I d ask for my money back.Citing only the graphic novels, the contributors ignore the movies, the golden age comics, and other sources of Batman lore Only a couple did their homework Some of their discussions would ve benefited from the material in the movies.The question of insanity comes up when it comes to Batman and Joker, as it does in the Batman and Psychology book which is much better BTW What I find problematic is that the writers seem to ask what is it to be sane and What is insanity without providing a single answer There are several widely accepted definitions available, all provided by the disciplines that came up with the word in the first place For some reason the writers try to pretend that we don t know what sanity is, insisting the question is much too complicated for us non philosophy commoners.The chapter entitled Could Batman have been the Joker is essentially an entire chapter explaining what a hypothetical is Gee, thanks for that lesson.The chapters on Alfred and Taoism are interesting but are mixed in with what are essentially worthless chapters The editor could ve done a better job coordinating the essays of the different contributors, reducing the amount of overlap and repetition He could ve selected contributors with a better familiarity with Batman or ones that would do their homework More importantly, the book asks questions that really didn t interest me I d say the book could ve been 150 pages instead of 280 At least then it wouldn t be as diluted with nonsense.It gets two stars for the good chapters, of which there are eight. #READ E-PUB á Batman and Philosophy: The Dark Knight of the Soul È Why Doesn T Batman Just Kill The Joker And End Everyone S Misery Can We Hold The Joker Morally Responsible For His Actions Is Batman Better Than Superman If Everyone Followed Batman S Example, Would Gotham Be A Better Place What Is The Tao Of The Bat Batman Is One Of The Most Complex Characters Ever To Appear In Comic Books, Graphic Novels, And On The Big Screen What Philosophical Trials Does This Superhero Confront In Order To Keep Gotham Safe Combing Through Seventy Years Of Comic Books, Television Shows, And Movies, Batman And Philosophy Explores How The Dark Knight Grapples With Ethical Conundrums, Moral Responsibility, His Identity Crisis, The Moral Weight He Carries To Avenge His Murdered Parents, And Much How Does This Caped Crusader Measure Up Against The Teachings Of Plato, Aristotle, Kant, Kierkegaard, And Lao Tzu Ideally, the Blackwell series of philosophy meets pop culture books simultaneously makes philosophy fun while adding intellectual gravitas to our guilty little pleasures Given Batman s long history as one of the most complex, resilient and enigmatic characters in all of comics, I had high hopes for this Brave and the Bold like team up between the Caped Crusader and the capeless likes of Aristotle, Kant, Kierkegaard, Wittgenstein and Nietzsche.Batman has become one of the best characters in comics because he has been privileged with the best creators Over the years, Batman s many talented writers, artists, editors, directors and producers have waxed philosophic over the character as they reconceived and reinvented him for new audiences Batman s stories have grappled with philosophical issues since the 40s, and writers like Denny O Neil and Grant Morrison have added layer upon layer to those philosophical underpinnings As a result, their insights into the character and the cultural phenomenon of Batman are unparalleled Rather than offering an exegesis that examines the significance and relevance of the Batman texts themselves, this book instead provides watered down explanations of generalized philosophical concepts that simply use Batman as an example where any other character could be substituted just as well For example, I thought Ron Novy s article, What Is It Like to Be a Batman was at least a clever play on Thomas Nagel s similarly titled article about bats, echolocation and the philosophy of mind But the basic idea that we can never know what it s like to be someone else no matter how much we imitate them doesn t really apply to Batman any than it does to anyone else.While the range of philosophical texts that are referenced is fairly extensive, the range of Batman stories that are referenced is not Frank Miller s version of Batman from Year One and the Dark Knight Returns is the most discussed with the Nolan films being a somewhat distant second Some writers do make slight nods to obscure bits of continuity in their footnotes, but continue to talk about the character in the main body of the text in only a vague, conglomerate way.I know the series editors are trying to bring philosophy to the masses and I don t want to knock that, but it s hard for me to figure exactly who the target market is for this book I would hope that college kids would be reading the actual books by Kant, Foucault, etc that are cited and discussed throughout, while Batman fans, I think, are far sophisticated than the authors give them credit for. This book should be renamed Why did Batman let Robin 2 Jason Todd die Almost every essay is about Jason Todd Who cares about Jason Todd Get over Jason Todd. A fun read Some the essays are mostly discussions of classical philosophical issues with bat metaphors crammed in How does Batman know his batarangs are real sorts of things Some are rather annoying because the author just isn t taking things the least bit seriously Oh gosh, I promised my friend I d have an essay on Batman and it s due this week, wellwhatever Others are interesting, light hearted or serious takes on the intersection of comic books and philosophy Maybe not surprisingly, I found the best essays to be about Batman s relationships with the other people in his life there s a good essay about his friendship with Superman, a very good essay about Dick Grayson s transition to Nightwing, and two excellent essays about Alfred Pennyworth About half of the essays are with the time to read, which isn t bad for a book like this. I love the chapter on Batman Vs Superman, not the movie, of course The Dark Knight would triumph over the Kryptonian, SERIOUSLY As philosophers and the field of philosophy involves on thought experiment as speculations, then perhaps one way to best illustrates its ideas is through fictions works, in this case comics or movies based on it.And among all comic fictions that maybe have a better depth of character for this speculation, the Batman and its universe is perhaps the best to discuss on moral ethics, state and its functions, virtue and virtuous acts and so on.Though I can t justify this I think Chapt 9 on Moral Exemplar is the one that did the job So, if you want to read this book, it might be a good thing to start with this chapter and then skimming through the contents page.And to stress on a point, it is best if one is already accustomed to the stories, mainly before 2008 it s comics, animated and or life action movie before reading this as a major part discussed was referenced back to them Luckily, I did long before, so I don t have to revert to them any.And at times when reading this book, I was like Wo These people really do take their comics seriously , just to acknowledge the fanboy ism perhaps are presence in me and them Though, I believe Animes or Mangas , like for one, The Law of Ueki ,deals with the fundamental issues like moral ethics, justice and friendship better feel free to disagree.Moving on When dealing with moral issues like killing criminals let alone the Joker, who kills just for fun or to tempt the Dark Knight out Joker moral responsibility of his crime when even his sanity and rational capacity is debated it s interesting to see the referred groundwork laid by eminent philosophers are woven in here Foucault s Madness Civilization A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason Also, on this case still, others argued on Utilitarian ethics and Peter Singer max and moderate version on one chapter, Batman virtue on another.As one also know that Batman had Robins yes, plural as sidekick, thus it was discussed on moral education, the level of education, authority and moral exemplar of Batman in teaching Robins in fighting crime and the virtue needed Many was discussed like Alfred roles as Knight of Faith from Kierkegaard Fear and Trembling , identity, conscience and so on Best is to read the main philosophical works itself which often proves difficult then, an understanding, if not better, can be achieved. I am not a Philosopher, and truly the only way anyone will get me to read a Philosophy book is to put Batman Star War in the title or on the cover and making either the subject matter The book is very informative on philosophical theories, I will be the first to admit would have been lost on me , and well researched in the world of Batman.The thing that attracted me to this book was, discussion style format All of us who are comic book fans love to discuss out favorite stories, characters their directions, development and decisions , and who would win in a fight between them I admit my reason for being able to quote Aristotle at my next comic book argument, or point out that well learned and scholars in their field are also comic book Batman fans.The book is not a light read and I actually got then I was expecting for it, on a Goodreads note I was glad to have my 100 book as heavier read One of the issues that is brought up is Batman being a fictional character, should he be revered, or looked at as an example Questions like should he kill the Joker fit in with arguments to an for capital punishments in the real world Also you cannot have a debate about batman without the shadow of death, and the continuing debate of death itself credit to the author and contributors for giving both sides of every argument.The only reason I did not give this book 5 stars is there are a couple of sections in the middle that were for hardcore linguists or philosophers which I felt went slightly off topic and were over analyzed for my tastes This could be a personal prejudice on my part as I hate linguistics, but that is me However this is a great book that use the fiction characters to highlight issues and theories that are in the real world I personally though the second last chapter using the relationship of Batman and Nightwing to reconcile the debate of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant, was inspired and definitely holds true in the real world. As of a philosophy than a comic book fan, I am disappointed I was expecting an in depth analysis of the character of Joker and the sociological roots of the crime haven that is Gotham Instead, I ended up reading a slightly subtle version of what could easily have been ruminations between the characters of The Big Bang Theory.This book has to offer to comic book readers than philosophy aficionados.