{Free Epub} º Leftover Women ⚜ eBook or E-pub free

This is a fascinating look at the difference between reality and social control efforts in modern China.In point of fact, in China there are no leftover women the stats show depending on area , anything from 110 men to 100 women on up In some rural districts, as described in this book, unmarried men outnumber unmarried women at over 2 1 One would think, then, that society and the political machine would realize that women are a relatively scarce and valuable resource, especially since both promote marriage as essential for society You d be wrong.The leftover women campaigns are essentially designed to make women feel insecure bout their prospects, and so accept suitors and compromises that are completely opposed to their own self interests Let s not try to make men treat women well Let s just get women to accept increasingly shoddy treatment Domestic violence is clearly a problem in China, but it s not illegal If a guy beat up someone on the street, he could be prosecuted when he beats up his wife, it s OK except that if she seeks help, SHE will be shamed and often attacked by society at large.It doesn t help that even though many women enter a marriage with assets similar to their spouse s they don t get to keep them She will put her saving into the down payment on a house or apartment as will he, and often relatives of both spouses However, the deed will be ONLY in his name which legally means it s all his, even when she s paying half or of the mortgage The leftover women campaigns tell women that they re lucky to have a man at all, so should not complain about anything And even if they do there s usually less than no help.I am deeply interested in the social status and positions of women around the world, and this was an excellent summary of the situation in modern China It s a bit dry, but has interviews and anecdotes that illustrate and illuminate many of the points, and the footnotes are impressive I ll be reading from them.I am also interested in the ways in which media propaganda often counter factual i.e bald faced lies are used to manipulate people in general Here s an excellent, detailed example.Note I got an ARC of this book through LibraryThing. A sobering and fascinating look at gender dynamics in present day China It is absolutely amazing to me how people can be pressured into doing things that blatantly go against their own self interest thanks for governmental, family and media influence This book reminds me yet again about the major differences between China and the West and makes me doubly appreciate living in the United States Written in a clear way appropriate for both scholars and non scholars alike, Leftover Women was a relatively quick and interesting read Note I received this book through LibraryThing s Early Reviewers Program. Leta Hong Fincher was a journalist before completing a PhD in Sociology at Beijing s Tsinghua University This book is based on her PhD project on the under researched connections between leftover women, China s property market, and gender inequality Fincher has previously written articles discussing similar issues for the New York Times, CNN, and Ms Magazine, through which these topics have already gained some popularity With an abundance of interview quotes and contemporaneous media reports, this book is quite readable and has the potential to attract a wide audience.According to Fincher, the term leftover woman in China is widely used to describe an urban, professional female in her late twenties or older who is still single p.2 In Chapter 1, Fincher examines the leftover women discourse mediated through state media news reports, surveys, columns, cartoons and television shows p.15 , and argues that two reasons account for the state promoting the leftover women discourse one is to maintain social stability in the context of the persisting sex ratio imbalance China has 32million men aged under 20 than women that prevents a lot of men from finding wives the other is to upgrade the quality of the populace by urging well educated women to marry It is an insightful observation indeed that the state serves as a latent driver, disseminating this stigmatizing leftover women discourse, which arguably has a profound impact on unmarried women over the age of 25.Chapter 2 considers how Chinese women have been shut out of arguably the biggest accumulation of residential real estate wealth in history because the pressure they experience in trying to avoid becoming leftover means that they often give up too much bargaining power within the marriage p.12 Chapter 3 further deals with how many parents discriminate against their own daughters by buying expensive homes for their sons only , leading to a gendered wealth gap in house buying.The book is written in an accessible style, allowing general readers access to the subject It also adopts an inclusive approach in that it covers a wide range of issues in relation to women s property rights, including the rights of LGBT groups in Chapter 3 and Chapter 6, and the relationship between domestic abuse and women s lack of property rights in Chapter 5 These issues are rarely discussed together when considering gender inequality in China, so the author is to be congratulated for this effort.However, I did find that in places the evidence provided is insufficient to support the arguments presented For example, readers are introduced to a female informant who has a university degree but left her job because she wanted to make herself a attractive marriage candidate, less intimidating to suitors She is quoted as saying my most important duty is to find a good man to marry p.39 The author analyses the case by noting that the state media campaign regarding leftover women has prompted some highly educated women to quit their jobs even before they get married p.39 Aside from questioning how rare this case is, I find a lack of coherence between the analysis and the quotes as the informant did not explicitly suggest that she was influenced by the leftover discourse.The imprecision in analysis can also be identified in Chapter 3 The author reveals that the informant Shang got married because she believed that she was getting older The author links her anxiety with the leftover women age threshold p.107 Again, the informant did not specify the connection between her anxiety and the prescribed age of leftover women advocated by the state media By adopting the leftover women discourse in a one size fits all fashion, it can be argued that the author not only exaggerates the influence that the leftover discourse imposes on women, but also ignores the intricate complexity of the reasons for their anxiety It is not difficult to recognise that unmarried women s anxiety around their increasing age existed before the emergence of the leftover women discourse, and further that it is seen in other countries where the leftover women discourse does not exist.The author cites a remarkable amount of online sources to support her argument, showing engagement with a variety of sources However Fincher doesn t acknowledge that they may not be completely trustworthy In Chapter 2, the author cites the 2012 Horizon and iFeng.com Report, noting that women s names were endorsed on only 30 per cent of marital home deals p.46 First, there are perhaps questions as to the credibility of the report, as it did not suggest how many informants were involved, nor how the survey was conducted Further, it is a pity that the author did not mention the trend indicated by the report, of a 10.2% increase in the number of women s names on home deeds compared to the time prior to 2006, which can be interpreted as women s rising power in property rights.Although there are thought provoking points throughout, I find some of the findings intrinsically contradictory For instance, in Chapter 3, Fincher reports that a daughter s parents often decline to help buy a home for their daughter p.78 The author implies that it is because the parents consider buying a home to be man s responsibility p.83 However, the author finds out that many women contribute their whole savings to help their partners to buy homes without putting their names on the deeds The daughters behaviour is in contrast to their parents perception that men should be the home provider Considering the author s finding that a daughter has a sense of filial piety to her parents p.82 , I cannot help but wonder how the parents view their daughters behaviour of contributing their savings without being entitled to the property Does it lead to any intergenerational conflicts The book unfortunately does not discuss this.Finally, the use of the word resurgence is somewhat problematic in this context As suggested in the Introduction, this book argues that the state sponsored media campaign about leftover women is part of a broad resurgence of gender inequality in post socialist China p.3 Resurgence here implies that gender equality was once achieved I consider gender equality to have never been achieved and indeed that gender inequality has been persistent throughout China s history see Liu, Croll and Stacey for further reading In Chapter 4, Fincher conceptualises resurgence by tracing back to the Song dynasty 960 1279 , upholding that women at that time had substantial, independent ownership and control of property p.110 She then compares the women in the Song Dynasty to those in contemporary China, claiming that Chinese women s property rights have steadily eroded in the post socialist, rural to urban transformation p.131 The way in which she compares the women in contemporary China with the women one thousand years ago is problematic although the author quotes historian Bernhardt, it seems that she disregards Bernhardt s conclusion that there was no half share law in the Song and indeed could not have been Instead, the principles of patrilineal succession applied, and women enjoyed inheritance rights only by default, in the absence of brothers and sons p.8 Chapter 4 leaves itself open to critiques of reductionism by merely discussing property rights without considering the corresponding social economic context.The dominant discourse among the Chinese media and public currently focuses on how women strategise to add their names to the deeds without paying for or paying very little for property This book engineers to reverse the abovementioned discourse by discussing how women are disadvantaged in the real estate market Unfortunately, by intertwining the leftover women discourse and real estate market, the author s intention to create a novel approach to demonstrate how women are disadvantaged in contemporary China fails to meet its purpose due to its reductionist approach, the not well grounded evidence, and the insufficiently supported arguments.Above all, this book looks likely to be controversial Nonetheless it has the potential to be a bestseller due to the timeliness of the topic, Fincher s eye catching arguments, and the already established reputation of the author, regardless of how selective the views encapsulated in this book may be Once again, it is worth saying that the author should be recognised for bringing together the rarely discussed issues of women s property rights, the rights of LGBT groups, and domestic abuse.From LSE Book Review This is definitely a four star book Leftover Women The Resurgence of Gender Equality in China by Leta Hong Fincher makes me think of the 1950s in the United States That was when women were encouraged to be home and take care of the family, instead of competing with men for a high paying jobs Even though they had proved their ability by putting together airplanes and ships, they were suddenly relegated to the kitchen, to take care of the children and to keep their husbands happy.This was a big step backwards for women s equality But in China, this step backwards is a much bigger step, a dangerous step.Leta Hong Flincher proves her point about the sheng nu or leftover women in China s current society There is a tremendous pressure to get married while you are still in your child bearing years In China, only the man s name is on the bank account and on the registration for the house There is much pressure to buy a house than here That pressure is from family and friends but also by the government campaigns And those campaigns are not limited to that one area.The Leftover Women are those unmarried women or in our culture, old maid They can be only twenty five years or older, vibrant and intelligent professional women but they are portrayed as dried up old women There is tremendous pressure to not be a leftover woman.What does the extraordinary real estate boom, the consequences of the one child policy and the government non acceptance of lesbians and gays have to do with this backwards slide The author did two and a half years of care research and found out how this is happening.The writing style is clear and easy to read although just a bit repetitive I had visited China back in 1998 and think this is a clear change from the way it was then I highly recommend this book to all who are interested in China.I received this advance reading copy as a win from FirstReads but that in no way influenced my thoughts or feelings in my review. I absolutely loved this book and will never think about gender relations in China the same way I was skeptical about gender equality there after my own experience, but Hong Fincher shows how much greater that disparity has become in the last decade since the property boom and new laws came into being The book flowed well and was well organized It was less about the leftover women themselves than what it would mean to be without a spouse in China or how women go into marriages so they can own property, yet it s never really theirs This is a quick read and one you won t forget Looking forward to her new book later this year. So angry A table flipping inducing book. I had to read this for class all I read nowadays is for school and it was clear enough, but it was 100 pages too long. I really wanted to love this book in the Venn diagram of women s rights and contemporary China I am firmly in the middle There were several aspects that held me back, and would have likely deterred someone with less of an aggressive enthusiasm for the subject matter The text is not about the resurgence of gender inequality in China as much as it is about specific ways in which a particular subset of women in China are being commodified and denied rights These are urban, affluent, educated, and assumedly although this is not mentioned Han women Leta Hong Fincher s overarching narrative, albeit unclear at times, is that such women are desired as suitable mothers to future populations by the Party, and as such the furious propaganda efforts that created the concept of Leftover Women causes them to feel intense pressure to marry and have children She goes on to discuss at length the way in which women often don t include their names on houses purchased with their husbands, and as such are denied legal protection I couldn t help but feel that this is somewhat of a privileged scenario for many The book does go into the unique struggle for lesbian and bisexual women, which was great, but where were the minority women, or the rural women, or the women in urban areas who couldn t afford to go to university They form a critical part of the picture of gender inequality in contemporary China, too It took quite a specific gaze in a way that was quite repetitive at times, as mentioned in other reviews The book at times read like a thesis, which is what it was, at one point The best part of the book is the smattering of personal testimonies by young Chinese women, although I felt these could have been organised clearly I also really enjoyed the way that Hong Fincher examines the way that the Party utilises female bodies through the lens of biopolitics, although I felt this deserved to be fleshed out , particularly considering how much attention was given to a discussion of housing prices in Chinese first tier cities All in all, it s a good not great, which may come down to my interest in the area than anything. {Free Epub} ß Leftover Women ⚩ After China S Communist Revolution Of , Chairman Mao Famously Proclaimed That Women Hold Up Half The Sky In The Early Years Of The People S Republic, The Communist Party Sought To Transform Gender Relations With Expansive Initiatives Such As Assigning Urban Women Jobs In The Planned Economy Yet Those Gains Are Now Being Eroded In China S Post Socialist Era Contrary To Many Claims Made In The Mainstream Media, Women In China Have Experienced A Dramatic Rollback Of Many Rights And Gains Relative To Men Leftover Women Debunks The Popular Myth That Women Have Fared Well As A Result Of Post Socialist China S Economic Reforms And Breakneck Growth